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TOUR “on the tracks of Phoenicians” 4 days/3 nights

“ON THE TRACKS OF PHOENICIANS”

 FOR GROUPS or INDIVIDUALS  – Starting from CAGLIARI  4 days/3 nights

…An interesting phase in the prehistory of Sardinia is the arrival of the Phoenicians to the Island. Sardinia has been an important source of knowledge for Phoenician history because much of remains survived throughout the centuries.  But how were these first contacts between Phoenicians and Sardinians. How did these contacts between Phoenician traders and Sardinia tribes develop? This is one of the main mystery of this Island.   With this tour “on the tracks of Phoenicians” we would like give you the possibility to discover, understand, see and know much more…

mailto: info@storex95.sk  in order to get best rates, name of Hotels, details & information about the tour

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TOUR PROGRAM

1st day – Welcome to Sardinia. The journey begins from the capital of Sardinia: Cagliari, former Phoenician name Karalis which is a big and modern city facing the Mediterranean sea with its important port settled just in the middle of the sea, safe refuge for Phoenician ships in the lagoon of “Santa Gilla”.  Sightseeing the city, the Roman Amphitheatre (2nd century B.C.), the panorama of the “Golfo degli Angeli”,  the National Archaeological Museum one of the most important in Mediterranean findings from Nuragic, Phoenician, Punic (Carthage) and Roman civilizations, the old district of “Castello” with its Pisan walls and Towers. The Cathedral of S. Maria dated back to the 13th Century, Spanish ramparts and characteristic towers. Short visit to the bigger and most beautiful church in town facing to the gulf called “Basilica of Bonaria” ( 1700 A.D.) famous for its legend which have characterized its creation. Dinner and overnight stay in hotel.

2nd day – After breakfast, departure towards the Phoenician Punic and Roman town of Nora (partially submerged by the sea)  facing the emerald water and beach of S. Margherita di Pula. A visit to its ruins, temple, theatre, mosaic and thermal baths. Nora can be considered the first tourism destination of history due to the fact that ancient rich merchant built there sumptuous residences and prestigious villas. Part of city and streets are been submerged by arising sea during century.
Afternoon we continue our journey through time, along the tortuous but enchanting panoramic road to the west of Sardinia. Crossing the Phoenician settlement of Bithia (today Chia) famous for the unique white sand beach. We arrive to the city of Sant’Antioco a former wonderful Island connected with mainland by one bridge (visible) built during Roman Empire domination. The origins of this town, known in antiquity by the name of Sulki (Sulci), lies in the eighth century B.C. at the time that Phoenician traders ventured in the western Mediterranean and founded the so-called ports of trade, places where they could safely haul their ships ashore and make contact with the local populations. However the site of Sulki was already inhabited in the previous Bronze Age as shown by the remains of a “Nuraghe” under the fortress of su Pisu. There are still many archaeological and historical sites to be seen and a few surprisingly interesting museums, that we will visit. Certainly of great importance in the Phoenician civilization are the mysterious “Thophet”. In All Their cities was discovered a number of large cemeteries for children and infants, representing a civic and religious institution for worship and sacrifice called the “Tophet” by archaeologists that give various explanations. These cemeteries perhaps were used as graves for stillborn infants or children who died very early. An important example is situated at Sant’Antioco and we’re going to visit it. For those with a special interest in Phoenician & Punic history Sant’Antioco is a must.

3rd day – After breakfast we start our journey along the highway SS.131 heading north towards the town of Oristano, about 1 hour route. Our main destination is visit the ruins of Phoenician town of Tharros (IX century B.C.) also facing to a wonderful sea landscape. Our first stop will be the church of San Giovanni di Sinis is a small early christian structure of the sixth century A.D., and one of the oldest in Sardinia. It is built in sandstone with admiringly simple architecture, walls and pillars supporting a cupola ceiling and barrel-vaults. Within the church there is a basin with a fish carved on the inside, that was used as baptismal font.
Finally we arrive to our destination the archaeological zone of Tharros is more like an open air museum than a site.  Tharros founded by the Phoenicians in the 8th century B.C., followed by Punics, Romans, and eventually destroyed by Saracen raiders brings to sharp focus the realization of the native population that invaders always attacked from the sea.  It is known that in Tharros was a particular industrious production of jewelry in gold and the use of gems (jasper and coral) that was exported throughout the Mediterranean. In part these jewels and gems have been recovered but many graves that contained the jewelry were plundered in the 18th century. Many travelers find that Tharros one of the most beautiful places in Italy. In reality visiting these ruins, its streets, its pillars, its temples you will have the feeling of living again the time when the city was at the peak and full of life … a mysterious sensation. The setting, Capo San Marco, is certainly compelling the sea pounds the western coast, while the more peaceful waters glisten in the summer sun on the Gulf of Oristano side. The Cardo Maximo, seen on the right, was the principal road to the city. It is a typical road in the style of the Romans. Many of the Artifacts from the excavations are found in the large and rather cluttered Archaeological Museum in Cagliari. Cabras has a small Archaeological Museum as well, and it’s only 9km from Tharros we will visit this local museum. Our journey through time ends here in the hope that you understand something more about this mysterious and fascinating population of the Middle East that has influenced and affected the entire Mediterranean. Return to hotel for dinner and overnight.

4th day – After breakfast check-out & transfer to Airport – Assibiri Sardigna !!!  ( good bye Sardinia ! See you soon ! )